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Thứ Năm, 13 tháng 12, 2018

LÝ THUYẾT & BÀI TẬP WORD FORM CÓ ĐÁP ÁN

Topic 4: WORDFORMATION
I. Grammar:


Hình thức
Vị trí
Ví dụ
Noun
(danh từ)
1.V+ion
         ance
          ment
           or/er(chỉ người)
  ex:educate->education
perform->performence
2.adj+ness 
Ex:happy->happyness
1.đứng trước động từ làm chủ ngữ
2.đứng sau động từ làm tân ngữ
3.đứng sau :a/an/the/of/many/much/a lot of
4.đứng sau tính từ sỡ hữu:my,his,her,our,their
5.đứng sau tính từ
Many visitors come to
                          v
dalat every year.

I can see your
                ttsh
happyness in your eyes
Tính từ
Noun+ful
            Al
         Ous
         Able
          Ly
          Y
          Less(mang nghĩa phủ định)
Ex:beauty->beautiful
1.đứng trước danh từ


2.đứng sau các động từ,seem,be(am,is,are,was,were,get,become,feel
Look,keep….)
1.It is a beautiful day
                  N
You look fashionable in this dress.
Trạng từ
Adj+ly
Careful->carefully
Chú ý:
Good-well
Fast-fast
Hard-hard
Early-early
1.đứng sau động từ thường

2.đứng ngay sau tân ngữ của động từ thường
(cuối câu)
3. đứng trước động từ chính
4. đứng trước tính từ
live happily on my farm.
I did my test carefully.
It was completetly destroyed.
It’s extremely cold

I. Thành lập danh từ chỉ người
V – ee
V– eer
Train/ trainee:người được h.luyện)
Engine-  engineer: kỹ sư
refer/ referee (trọng tài)
Employ/employee (công nhân)
V– ant
Assist/ assistant: người phụ tá
apply / applicant: người nộp đơn
contest/ contestant: thí sinh
attend/ attendant: người tham dự
participate /participant:
người tham gia
- man
Doorman: người gác cổng
Guardsman: lính cận vệ
Business/ businessman; thg gia
Others
Music/ musician: nhạc công
Beg/ beggar: kẻ ăn xin
Library/ librarian: quản thủ thư
Surgery/surgeon: nhà phẩuthuật  
Invent/inventor
Collect/collector
                                                                 II. Thành lập danh từ
V - al
Arrive/ arrival: sự tới nơi
Remove/ removal: việc di chuyển
approve/  approval: sự tán thành
V- ance
Appear/ appearance: sự x.hiện
guide/ guidance: sự hướng dẫn
Assist/ assistance: s ự giúp đỡ
Perform/ performance: sự thực hi ện
allow/ allowance: sự cho phép
attend/ attendance: sự có mặt
V- ence
Differ/ difference: sự khác nhau
Refer/ reference: sự tham khảo
Prefer/ preference: sự  thích hơ
Depend/ dependence: sự phụ thuộcConfide/ confidence: sự tin tư
Adj-ity
Able/ ability: khả năng
Pure/ purity: sự tinh khiết
Solid/ solidity: sự vững chắc
Electric/ electricity: điện
Possible/ possibility: sự có thể
Similar/ similarity: sự tương tự
Popular/ popularity: tính phổ biến
Real/ reality: thực tế
N – hood
Child/ childhood
Neighbor/ neibourhood

III. Thành lập Tính Từ
N – ic
Science/ scientific: khoa học
Emphasis/ Emphatic: nhấn mạnh
History/ Historic: lịch sử
N – ous
Fame/ famous: nỗi tiếng
Danger/ dangerous: nguy hiểm
Poison/ poisonous: độc hại
miracle/ miraculous: huyền diệu
Marvel/ marvelous: tuyệt vời
Nerve/ nervous: căng thẳng
Religion/ religious: tín ngưỡng
Variety/ various: đa dạng
Mystery/ mysterious: bí ẩn
N - able
V - able
Reason/ reasonable: hợp lý
Admire/ admirable: đáng phục
Fashion/ fashionable: hợp thời
comfort/ comfortable: tiện lợi
Horror/ horrible: kinh khủng
Value/ Valuable: có giá trị
N – ish
Child/ childish: như trẻ con
Self/ selfish: ích kỷ
Fool/ foolish: ngu xuẩn
V – tive
Product/ productive: năng suất
Protect/ protective: bảo vệ
Decorate/ decorative: để trang trí
Collect/ collective: tập thể
Concentrate/ concentrative: tập trung
N – ful
Care/careful
Beauty/beautiful
Use/useful
IV. Thành lập động từ
Adj- ize
Real/ realize: nhận thức rõ
industrial/ industrialize: CN.hoá
commercial/ commercialize
 Out - V
grow/ outgrow: phát triển hơn
outrun/ outrun: chạy nhanh hơn
weigh/ outweigh: nặng hơn
 Over- V
stay/overstay: ở quá lâu
take/ overtake: vượt, đuổi kịp
work/ overwork: làm quá sức
Under-V
sell/ undersell: bán rẻ hơn
do/ undergo: chịu đựng
charge/ undercharge: định giá thấp hơn
 Super-V
impose/ superimpose: chồng lên
heat/superheat: đun quá sôi
intend/ superintend: trông nom

Exercise

1.     She ‘s beautiful with a ............................. smile. ( Love )   
2.     .........................., the barber cut my hair too short. ( luck )
3.     Each of my friends has a ............................ character. ( differ )
4.     Nam is very ............................., kind and generous. ( Social )
5.     My uncle often spends his free time doing volunteer work at a local .......... ( orphan ).
6.     She has short .......................... hair. ( curl ).
7.     Trung and his brother like .............................. movies very much. ( act )
8.      My brother likes acting and outdoor ..................................... ( act ).
9.     Bell experimented with ways of transmitting............... over a long distance. ( speak )
10.  Bell ...................... demonstrated his invention. ( success ).
11.  Mr Phong made an ...................... to see us at two o’clock. ( arrange )
12. Thomas Watson was Bell’s ......................, wasn’t he ?  ( assist )
13.  There wasn’t any ...................... in our village two years ago. ( electric )
14.    The lost shoe”  is one of the ..........................stories I like best. ( tradition )
15.   Everyone was ............................. at the soccer match. ( excite ).
16.    Marconi was the ......................... of radio. ( invent )
17.    The ........................... of radio was made by Marconi. ( invent )
18.     Alexander G.B ............................. demonstrates his invention. ( success )
19.     Can I leave the ............................. of the table for you ? (arrange )
20.                        We have two postal ........................ each day. ( deliver )
21.                         I’m going to the shop for a rice ........................ . ( cook )
22.                        Be careful to cover the ....... sockets for the safety of the children. ( electric )
23.                         The music is beautiful. It makes the movie ......................... ( forget )
24.                         In order to save the ...., remember to turn off the lights before going out. ( electric )
25.                         The boy fell off his bicycle and ........................... broke his arm. ( fortunate )
26.                        His broken arm was still ............................. ( pain).
27.                        A fairy appeared and ............................... changed her old clothes. ( magic )
28.                         The tiger wanted to see the farmer’s .............................. ( wise ).
29.                         The police came ................................ . ( immediate )
30.                        Our life is much better with the help of modern .......................... ( equip )
31.                         In the story, the prince got ....................... to a poor girl. ( marry ).
32.                         he is an .......................... student. ( excellence )
33.                         Thank you for your ............................... party. ( enjoy )
34.                         Remember to check for ..... mistakes before handing in your writing. ( spell )
35.                         ......... in sport competitions is open to everyone in our school. ( paticipate )
36.                         Her parents are pleased with her good ............................. ( behave )
37.                         His ...................... of some words is not correct. ( pronounce )
38.                         My teacher is proud of my ........................ in my study. ( improve )
39.                         I can do all the excercises ........................... ( easy )
40.                         The Boy Scouts of America is a youth .................................. ( organize )
41.                         The form must have the ...................... of the writer. ( sign )
42.                         Our teacher always gives us ........... so that we can work hard. ( encourage)
43.                         If you want to join the club, please fill in this .................... form.  ( apply )
44.                         Who is the .................. of this car ? ( own )
45.                         There are not enough doctors in this ..................... ( neighbor)
46.                        The ......... in the area are against the building of the new high way. ( reside )
47.                         I want to become a famous ......................... when I grow up. ( photograph )
48.                         There is a wide ..................... of clothes for you  in this summer. ( select )
49.                         Mai always brings an English dictionary in her ........................... ( pack )
50.                         The weather is getting ( bad ) ...................
51.                        It is ............................ than usual in my town today.  ( busy )
52.                         School days are the ................................ days of my life. ( happy )
53.                         Who is ........................., Tom or Tim ? ( good )
54.                         She lives in the ........................... house of the village.  ( large )
55.                         Going on a trip is .................................. than staying at home. ( interesting )
56.                         The people in the country are very open and ( friend ) ...............................
57.                         She is loved by many people because of her ............... and consideration. ( kind )
58.                         Some of my ....................... live in the city. ( relate )
59.                         Air ........................ is a big problem in the city nowadays. ( pollute )
60.                         She likes a ........................ evening in the countryside.
61.                        Mr Tan teaches ........................ sciences. ( nature )
62.                         Disneyland is one of the famous areas of ................................ ( entertain )
63.                         He had no .............................. for his absence. ( explain )
64.                         How ........................ of you to break that cup! ( care )
65.                         We live in a rather rich .................................. ( neighbor )
66.                         They are members of an international .................................. ( organize )
67.                         Television is very ........................... nowadays. ( popularity )
68.                         It’s .................... to cross the avenue. ( dager )
69.                         .................... her illness was more serious than we thought. ( fortunate )
70.                         Sapa is a wonderful ................................ resort in VietNam. ( mountain )
71.                         Most tourists like visiting ................................. villages. ( tribe )
72.                        There are ............................ ways of solving problem.  ( variety )
73.                          It’s not easy to find cheap ................ at busy times. ( accommodate )
74.                         Some of my ........................... are going to my birthday party. ( class )
75.                        We like our math teacher for his sense of ............................... ( homourous )
76.                        We are making ........................ for the trip to Dien Bien next week.
77.                         Tom is working as an .............................. to Professor Brown.   ( assist )
78.                         We are waiting for the ............................. of his plane ( arrive )
79.                         Every week, there are two ........................ from Ha Noi to HCM city. ( fly )
80.                        There are some buses to .................................. destinations. ( south )
81.                         This knife is ................................ It can’t cut anything. ( use )
82.                         The person who sell flowers at the shop is called ........................... ( flower )
83.                         She is very .......................... about her mother’s health. ( anxiety )
84.                        Mrs Hoa can help Mai to make a good .......................... ( choose ).
85.                        In May the days often .............................. ( long )
86.                         My father has a good ................................ of Vietnamese history. ( know )
87.                        My father plans to live ____ in the countryside after he retires (PERMANENT)
88.                        Read the user’s manual carefully, it will give you a lot of useful ____ (INFORM)
89.                        This part of the library is for college students only it is not ___ to high school pupils (ACCESS)
90.                        I didn’t sleep very well that night and got a terrible headache the ___ morning (FOLLOW)
91.                        Few people want to eat that restaurant because of the ___ smell from the garbage dump nearby (PLEASE)
92.                        Our ___ are doing their best to improve the people’s quality of life (GOVERN)
93.                        What’s the ___ time of your flight? (DEPART)
94.                        I’m going to buy a motorcycle.I’m tired of riding on ___ buses (CROWD)
95.                        English ia an …….. and important subject(INTEREST)
96.                        In electronics, We learn to repaire …….. appliance (HOUSE)
97.                        Nam ia very ………in computer(INTEREST)
98.                        Ba will be a ……. Artist one day (FAME)
99.                        If you want to have a ……body, you should play sport (HEALTH)
100.                   In most country,there are organizations especially for ……(TEEN)
101.                   There is many kinds of …….for young people (ENTERTAIN)
102.                   More and more young people want a university …….(EDUCATE)
103.                   We are rehearsing a play for the school anniversary ……(CELEBRATE)
104.                   When I go to the library, I sit and read about …..things (WONDER)
105.                   Ask the …….if you can borrow this book (LIBRARY)
106.                   We have a ……who comes twice a week (GARDEN)
107.                   I’d like to live here because the people are very (friend)………
108.                   We usually go (Swim)………..… in the morning
109.                   Feeding the ducks is her (day) ………..work
110.                   (Fortunate)…………..…. He was ill on the day  of the Pop festival.
111.                   You should bring (suit)….clothes for this cold weather.
112.                   Don’t let the child  go out because it’s (wind)……….
113.                   An (orphanage )…………. is a child whose parents are dead
114.                   L.A Hill is a ( humor) ……………… writer
115.                   I’m (extreme)…….. for the delay
116.                   She looks more …………..than her sister( beauty)
117.                   They are very …………to survive  a shipwreck (luck)
118.                   I love the ……….of summer evening  in the countryside(peaceful)
119.                   Those cats looks …….(love)
120.                   Stop, Nam! It's..................to be near the stove. (danger)
121.                   The glass pieces are dried........................ . (complete)
122.                   My elder brother studies hard this year in order to pass the.........exam to the university. (enter)
123.                   Please confirm your.............. date and time if you want to come  with us. (arrive)
124.                   I’ll make ………..for you to meet him at airport(arrange)
125.                   Tuan ……his friend to his house on Christmas day (Invitation)
126.                   My ……….will call you later ( assist)
127.                   What led to the ……of the telephone?( invent)
128.                   Mr Pipe runs his business very ……….His friend admire him ( success)
129.                   My brother bought a new …….rod yesterday(fish)
130.                   Their children have quite ………..character ( difference)
131.                   He helps us out of  ……………(kind)
132.                   This school doesn’t have any sports ……….(equip)
133.                   The new that Mr Nam had inherited  a million dollars make his friend ……. (excite)
134.                   “Ao dai”  is a …………..dress of Vietnam (tradition)
135.                   The polices are interested in  the sudden ……….of the valuable paintings ( appear)
136.                   The sayings of the sage  are full  of (wise)
137.                   Who is the ……………of this black Merced? (own)
138.                   The ….. world of Disney attracts thousands of children as well as adults.
139.                   My car has given me excellent …………..(serve)
140.                   they are getting along with their ………….(neighborhood)
141.                   My mother cooked a ……….. dish last night (taste)
142.                   My neighborhood is  …………for good and cheap restaurants (fame)
143.                   How often do you  ……………your friend? (weight)
144.                   The …………of a neighborhood is very important to it dweller (safe)
145.                   Everyone in the  neighborhood is …………….. with what we have done. (please)
146.                   the ………….of the house is very kind to us (own)
147.                   Mary likes attending the English ………….contest         (speak)
148.                   My sister is fond of…………………places (crowd)
149.                   The ……………have to  cook rice in this contest (participate)
150.                   This country has a big …………..which makes cars (industrial)
151.                   My father likes ……………..(ski)
152.                   There were two …….yesterday: fire making and rice cooking (compete)

Anwers


1.      Lovely
2.      Unlucky
3.      Different
4.      Sociable
5.      Orphanage
6.      Curly
7.      Action
8.      Activities
9.      Speech
10.  Successfully
11.  Arrangement
12.  Assistant
13.  Electricity
14.  Traditional
15.  Excited
16.  Invention
17.  Successfully
18.  Arrangement
19.  Delivery
20.  Cooking

21.  Electrical


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